Sir Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles (1781-1826) painted by George Francis Joseph in 1817 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Sir Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles (1781-1826) painted by George Francis Joseph in 1817 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Sir Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles (1781-1826) painted by George Francis Joseph in 1817 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Sir Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles (1781-1826) painted by George Francis Joseph in 1817 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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